“Wales. Before Flint castle.
Enter, with drum and colours, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of York, Northumberland, Attendants, and forces”
This is how Act III, Scene III in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of King Richard II. starts. And if Flint Castle is good enough for Shakespeare to mention it (ok, it actually played a part in Richard II. history), it is certainly good enough for me to pay a visit.
Flint Castle was the first castle to be built by Kind Edward I. in a chain of castles which he built to encircle North Wales, the so-called Iron Ring. It was started in 1277 and stands at the eastern doorway into North Wales.
In 1282 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, brother of Llywelyn the Last, attempted an uprising against the Crown and attacked the castle. In 1294 it was attacked again by Madog ap Llywelyn and with the end of the Welsh Wars English settlers and merchants were given land and property in the new town of Flint next to the castle.
In 1399 Richard II of England was held in the castle before being taken back to London. The Royalists held the castle during the English Civil War and it was finally captured by the Parliamentarians in 1647 after a three month long siege. It was partly destroyed under Cromwell’s orders so that it couldn’t be used again.
After my tour around the castle I decided to go for a walk along a stretch of the Wales Coast Path. I was really impressed, even though some parts were still closed due to damages caused by the severe weather, and I will definitely explore more of it.